Dr. Victor Kamyshanov, Ass. Prof. of Russian State Social University
Elections in our world. Today they became a symbol of a volatile period and destabilization of the international relations. A particularly difficult turned out to be the transition of power from the losing political force to the winning one. And the example is the US Presidential elections, which for decades were a symbol of stability and democratic transition of power. Paradoxical sounds today the option of the possibility to influence the outcome of the presidential elections in the United States from abroad. The idea voiced by Democrats that Russia intervened in the electoral process, first and foremost, offensive to the American voter. For centuries, it elected its President, on the basis of freedom of choice and the Constitution of the United States, and in 2016, the Americans suddenly found themselves unable to think independently. We can mock a lot today on this issue, but the world faces serious problem whether modern electoral system as before able to remain the basis of stability, security and democracy free from political speculations. There is a second question: it is how the right choice all the people relate to the will of the individual voter?
Modern political crisis began with different reading of the issue of human rights to choose their own system of democratic development. Assertions of uniqueness of the Euro-Atlantic version of liberal legal framework in the field of democratic development principles seems to become erroneous. The world is much more complex and many sided. Every nation, not to mention the states and regions, has its own understanding of the principle of democracy. And roots of this understanding lie in its formation from the depths of centuries. For Russia, this statement is also as true as for other countries. Hardly anyone remembers that throughout three centuries in Russia ruled electoral power. Although it was monarchy.
7 February 1613 the Council was assembled. It took place at the Dormition Cathedral of the Moscow Kremlin, the sole survivor building in a Moscow that could accommodate all elected. The number of participants on the different data ranges from 700 to 1500 people. (Isn’t this really reminds electors in modern elections in the United States). February 21 7121 years from the creation of the world, which corresponds to 3 March 1613 of modern Gregorian calendar, Great Zemsky and Pomestny Council (in modern language Regional and Local Council) elected Tsar Mikhail Fedorovich Romanov. From that day began the reign of the Romanov Dynasty in Russia.
Dynastic crisis, i.e. the actual termination of the Rurik dynasty and the empowerment of Boyar Boris Godunov became one of the reasons for the Great Distemper, which almost led to the loss of Russia’s statehood and political independence. Therefore, the main task of the Council was the election of a new Tzar.
And if we look at the current state of political power in the United States, aren’t the last days of Obama ruling a great distemper for the United States, which violates the established political traditions and freedom of choice of the American people.
Thus the Russian Government historically is based on electing their leader, the only difference in that ruling time of leading power, unlike the short cycles of modern electoral system in European democracies, is more long-term in nature.
Exactly 100 years ago in Russia one came to the conclusion that it is necessary to replace the current Royal power. In 1917 February revolution first and then the October revolution formed a new elective paradigm that was determined by the course of the First world war. This form of choice turned out to be a revolution that is not contrary to the historical experience of many States, remember one of the Great French Revolution. Thus was formed the new choice of the Russian people, complicated, sometimes tragic, that gave new impetus to the development of the country, and this choice was maintained for over 70 years.
Then there was another choice of the people in 1991. It also reflected the specificity of Russia’s development, but, nevertheless, the political power was newly formed as a result of a very specific nature of choice, which was attended by a completely new political elites, that are the same « electors », which determined the course of events by the end of the 20th century.
The new millennium in Russia once again characterized by the change of leader, chosen by the mixed voting system of elites and the people. This principle is preserved today in Russia, but it is not inconsistent with the historical traditions of Russia, whose people in each election sees the prospect of its stable development, the formation of which requires, given the size and character of the country, a long period of stable and centralized political power. That is why, when talking about the election, it is always necessary to correlate historical past and historical perspective, which in total give the reality of modern choice, which is not always correlated with the point of view of those who are in world power, but lays the groundwork for the transformation to achieve change in the interests of stability.
External factors such as sanctions, which today attributed for Russia, as 100 years ago against Soviet Russia, as history shows, create difficulties, but do not stop Russians moving forward.
Sanctions are futile. Many real politicians in both Europe and the United States understand this. They so far lack the courage to say so. That is why today a broad dialogue between the various States and political and civil forces, that build political system on the choice, reflecting the historical tradition and historical demand of people, whether in Russia, the United States or any other country is urgently needed.