Macron: Un pouvoir sans entraves?

Bernard Owen, Maria Rodriguez-McKey

Les remarques en langue anglaise que vous pouvez lire sur notre site proviennent de source des plus sérieuses. Il s’agit du New York Times. Son éditorial centre sur Macron. Il mentionne la faible participation qu’il compare à celle de 1958.

Une deuxième partie de l’article indique que le peuple français n’a guère compris d’où vient le danger. Celui-ci n’est pas Le Pen père ou fille mais Macron.

Les mesures qu’il a pris pour assurer la sécurité se tournent contre les libertés individuelles. La France serait-elle sur le point de construire une ligne Maginot alors que l’ennemi passera par les Ardennes.

The Opinion Pages | EDITORIAL

Emmanuel Macron’s Unfettered Powers


Emmanuel Macron’s grip on political power seems unshakable after the first round of France’s legislative voting on Sunday. Mr. Macron won the presidency of France in May, a mere 13 months after starting his political movement, a remarkable achievement ratified by Sunday’s vote.

Projections indicate that his party, La République en Marche (The Republic on the Move), may win more than 400 seats in France’s 577-seat National Assembly after a final round of voting on Sunday. That would give Mr. Macron the ability to freely enact promised reforms to jump-start France’s lagging economy and encourage job creation, something his three immediate predecessors tried but failed to do.

Sunday’s election does not, however, reflect enthusiasm on the part of a majority of French voters. More than half stayed away from the polls, the highest rate of voter abstention since 1958. And with the political opposition in tatters, and many political novices owing their seats to the president, Mr. Macron could face temptations to abuse executive power.

Mr. Macron has already moved rapidly to bolster security in the face of the continuing terrorist threat by creating a national counterterrorism center at the Élysée Palace, reporting directly to him. He has also drafted a bill, which will be presented at a cabinet meeting on June 21, that would permanently legalize much of the state of emergency declared by President François Hollande shortly after the terrorist attacks in Paris in November 2015.

A counterterrorism center makes sense, given the failure to prevent attacks by individuals undetected when agencies failed to share information. The absence of a role for the judiciary to check the executive’s overarching power, however, is troubling. Even more alarming is enshrining the state of emergency in ordinary law, resulting in a permanent curb on French citizens’ constitutional rights. The bill would allow the police to conduct warrantless searches, place individuals under house arrest, order the wearing of electronic tags or bracelets and demand the passwords of people’s computers and cellphones. Such measures have done little to fight terrorism that existing law can’t accomplish, while doing real harm to citizens rights.

The only thing preventing the bill from becoming law may be France’s Constitutional Council. On Friday, the council wisely rejected one vaguely worded provision of the state of emergency that allowed authorities to bar individuals from areas where they might hamper police action, say, by participating in demonstrations.

The council must not allow what was meant to have been an extraordinary, temporary suspension of citizens’ rights to become permanent. Otherwise, the promise of Mr. Macron’s fresh start for France could result in a more repressive republic and set the stage for other abuses of executive power beyond his mandate.